Biointensive growing is a method derived from French intensive gardening. It is a complete and very refined gardening method, consisting of a number of interlocking pieces:
- Double dug beds
- Intensive, equidistant planting
- Companion planting
- Carbon Farming (growing large amounts of carbon to feed the soil)
- Calorie Farming (growing high efficiency root crops like sweet potatoes to feed you)
- Open-Pollinated Seeds
Using these techniques, a gardener can grow a complete diet for one person on four thousand square feet, or even less! Not only that, but the four thousand square feet will also grow all the seeds and compost needed to keep the system running. Even the worst of soils can be repaired with this soil building method. Only a little water is used, thanks to the organic mater and close planting, which shades the soil. All hand tools are used, so there is no expensive machinery to buy or maintain. The only hitch is that the supposedly complete diet grown is vegan, and like many others I think some animal products necessary to a healthy diet. However, if this method is combined with Aquaponics, we could really feed ourselves off our backyards!
For more information on Biointensive growing, read How to Grow More Vegetables, by John Jeavons. This is a very complex topic, which deserves a much better explanation than I can give here.